by AWANTIKA SHARMA
Current Affairs (October - November)
- 1.Gleitsman Award: Harvard University (US) has selected Nobel Prize winner Malala Yousafzai for its 2018 Gleitsman Award in recognition of her work promoting girls’ education. She will be presented this award at December 6, 2018 ceremony. Malala Yousafzai was youngest Nobel Laureate . She received the Nobel peace prize in 2014 and shared it with Kailash Satyarthi (children’s rights activist). UN in her honour has declared 12th July as “Malala Day”.
BUSINESS & ECONOMY
- 1)19TH meeting of FSDC:The 19th meeting of Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) was held in New Delhi under the chairmanship of Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley .The meeting was attended by RBI Governor Dr. Urjit Patel SEBI Chairman, IRDAI Chairman along with heads and other senior officers of govt. and financial sector regulators.
- 2) 4.3% growth rate for 8 infrastructure sectors in September 2018* :-As per data released by Union Ministry of Commerce & Industry, index of eight core industries slowed down to 4.3% in September, 2018.
- 3) World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business :-India ranked 77th among 190 countries by leapfrogging 23 ranks in World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business (EODB)* 2018 rankings . EODB was topped by New Zealand (consecutive for three times), followed by Singapore, Denmark, and Hong Kong. US was placed at 8yh and China was Ranked 46th while Pakistan is placed at 136th place.
1)Agni – I ballistic missile :-India has successfully carried out night user trial of Agni – I short – range nuclear capable ballistic missile. The test flight was conducted by Indian Army’s Strategic Forces Command off Abdul Kalam Island in Bay of Bengal, off coast of Indian state of Odisha. The test was second known night time trial of Agni – I since its first such successful test in April 2014 Agni – I is short range nuclear capable surface – to – surface ballistic missile. It is first missile of Agni series launched in 1983. 2.Dharma Guardian 2018 :-The first joint military exercise named “Dharma Guardian” b/w India & Japan has _begun at Indian Army’s Counter – Insurgency Warfare School at Vairengte (Mizoram) . In this exercise, Indian Army will be represented by 6/1 Gorkha Rifles, while Japanese Ground Self – Defence Force will field its 32 Infantry Regiment
1)SWAS, SAFAL & STAR :-The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)scientists has developed less polluting green firecrackers named SWAS, SAFAL & STAR. SWAS – Safe Water releaser SAFAL – safe minimal aluminium STAR – safe thermite cracker. The new crackers have been _developed by Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CECRI) based in Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, and National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) in Nagpur . The CSIR – NEERI was established in Nagpur in 1958 under Ministry of Science and Technology . The Indian fireworks industry has an annual turnover of over Rs. 6000 crore.
1.Encash Electoral Bonds :-The GOI has notified the sale of electoral bond by SBI through 01.11.18 to 10.11.18.The concept of Electoral Bonds was initially introduced in Union Budget 2017. Later on Electoral bond scheme was launched in 2018. 2.International Solar Alliance membership to all UN countries :-The Union Cabinet chaired by PM Narendra Modi has given ex – post facto approval for opening up International Solar Alliance (ISA) membership to all Member countries of UN.In this regard, Cabinet approved to move Resolution in first Assembly of ISA for amending the Framework Agreement of ISA. ISA is an alliance dedicated to the promotion of solar energy among its member countries. The _ISA Framework Agreement had entered into force in December 2017_ and formally became de – jure treaty based International Intergovernmental Organization. It is _headquartered at Gurugram, India_.
1)13TH India – Japan Annual Summit:-The bilateral summit of India -Japan held on 28th,29th October, 2018 in Japan. The Indian PM visited Japan to attend the summit. 2.World Cities Day; October 31:-The World Cities Day is observed every year across the world on 31st October to work together for planned and sustainable urban life in the wake of rapid growth of population and problems. The global observation of 2018 World Cities Day was *celebrated in Liverpool, UK.2018 Sub – theme : ‘Building Sustainable Resilient Cities’.The World Cities Day was established by UNGA by passing resolution 68/239 in December 2013*_ . The general theme of this day is *‘Better City, Better Life’.The first World Cities Day was celebrated in Shanghai, China on 31st October 2014 under sub – theme “Leading Urban Transformation”.
PERSONS IN NEWS
1.Anupam Kher :- Veteran actor Anupam Kher has resigned as Chairman of the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) . He was appointed as Chairman of FTII in October 2017 and replaced Gjendra Chauhan. With this, Kher become first Chairperson of FTII to resign before completion of his full term. Also he had shortest tenure period which is 11 month. FTII is premier institute in country that provides training for acting, film making, video editing, direction and production. _It is autonomous body under Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. It was established in 1960 and is registered under Societies’ Registration Act of 1860. FTII is situated in Pune, Maharashtra.
2.SS Deswal :-The Appointments Committee of Cabinet has appointed senior IPS officer SS Deswal as Director Genaral of Indo – Tibetan Border Police (ITBP). He will succeed RK Pachnanda. ITBP is one of five Central Armed Police Forces of India . It was raised on 24th October, 1962 under CRPF Act, in wake of 1962 Sino – Indian War . It was provided full autonomy after Parliament enacted Indo – Tibetan Border Police Force Act, 1992 . It works under Union Home Ministry. It is headquartered in New Delhi . Its _motto is Shaurya – Dridhata – Karm Nishtha (Valour – Steadfastness -Commitment).
3.Lt. General Rajeshwar :-Lt. General P S Rajeshwar _took over as 12th Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to Chairman, COSC_ . Prior to this, he was serving as Director General (Perspective and Planning) at Integrated Headquarters, Ministry of Defence. Integrated Defence Staff was created on 1st October,2001 based on recommendations of group of ministers which was set up in 2000 (post Kargil) to review India’s Defence management. It has representation from all three services, MEA, DRDO, DoD and Def.
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
1.KEPLER Space Telescope retires:-NASA has retired Kepler space telescope after it ran out of fuel needed for further science operations. This brings end of 9.5 year mission of Kepler space telescope in which it had discovered over 2,600 intriguing exoplanets from outside our solar system some of which may harbour life. It was launched in 2009 on 3.5 year mission but operated for about 9.5 year. It was NASA’s first planet – hunting mission. It was named after German mathematician and astronomer Johannes Kepler.
1.ICC Hall of Fame :- Former Indian captain Rahul Dravid was officially inducted into ICC Hall of Fame . With this Dravid became 5th Indian Cricketer after Bishan Singh Bedi (inducted in 2009), Sunil Gavaskar (inducted in 2009), Kapil Dev (inducted in 2010), and Anil Kumble (inducted in 2015) to be named on the elite list. In July 2018, ICC had announced Rahul Dravid, Australian legend Ricky Ponting and former England Women’s wicket – keeper Claire Taylor’s induction into Hall of Fame during ceremony in Dublin. Ponting is 25th Australian to receive the honour. Taylor is 3rd female player from England to be named on the list and 7th overall.
Hall of Fame was launched by ICC on 2nd January,2009 as a part of its centenary celebrations in association with Federation of International Cricketers’ Associations (FICA) in Dubai.